The glossary of the key swimming terms to the right has been collated by Head Coach Dai Thomas to introduce new or returning swimmers and their families to the main technical terms and abbrievations that apply to swimming and are likely to come up during training and competing
the official website
The following are some terms you will hear being used:
Licensed meets are graded 1-4. Level 1 meets are intended for qualifying for National Championships, Level 2 for Regional Championships, Level 3 for County Championships and Level 4 are for those beginning to enter individual open competition.
Diving entry from the blocks
Abbrievated to DQ'd following a breach of swimming competition rules which govern start, finish, turn and technique. Such rules are observed by competition officials and will be reported to the referee and announced / published accordingly.
In training, a controlled form of stroke designed to draw attention to a particular aspect of that stroke.
Individual Medley (IM)
Called IM for short, this event combines all four strokes, usually in the order butterfly-backstroke-breaststroke-frontcrawl. Classic distances are 200m (50m of each stroke) and 400m (100m of each stroke). Designed to find the best all-round swimmer, medley swimming is physically hard due to the fast transitions between strokes. It is commonly used in training swim sets.
Long Course/ Short Course
Long course means racing in a 50m pool - as used in the Olympic games, where-as short course refer to racing in a 25m pool. Typically short course is faster than long course due to the increased number of turns and push offs.
Personal Best (PB)
Called PB for short, this is the fastest time that a swimmer has achieved so far in a given event in their swimming journey. Swimmers are seeded in Open Meets by their PB time, so a fast eleven year old could be swimming against a fourteen year old.
Arms only - no kicking.
A self contained part of a training session as 'set' by the coach.
All out as fast as you can do, breathing as little as possible.
Swimming at a easily maintainable rate not easy or too hard to aim for a consistency of pace.
BC - Backcrawl - Backstroke
BR - BS - Breast - Breaststroke
FC - Frontcrawl - Freestyle - Free
BF - Fly - Butterfly
Number of strokes per 25m or 50m.
Number of strokes per minute.
Warm down - swimming slowly and steadily at the end of a session.